Corregidor Island is a tadpole shape, rocky island, strategically located at the entrance of Manila Bay which falls under the jurisdiction of Cavite.
After the Spanish-American War, it became a military station. Defense guns, anti-aircraft batteries, mortars, tunnels, and barracks were added to the fortification. During world war 2, it was the last fortress captured by the Japanese imperial army before the Americans and Filipino forces surrendered under the command of Lt. Gen. Jonathan Wainwright.
The Corregidor Historical Tram Tour
Joanna and I avail of the historical tram day tour. It was actually our first time to visit the island. The top side, middle side, bottom side and tail side of the island will be covered by the tour. It is advisable to take lots of photos and videos due to the limited time allotted for each location.
Tram Tour Highlights:
- Filipino Heroes Memorial
- Battery Way
- Battery Grubbs
- Battery Hearn
- Malinta Tunnel
- Corregidor Lighthouse
- Mile Long Barracks
- Pacific War Memorial Museum
- Cine Corregidor
Filipino Heroes Memorial
Filipino Heroes Memorial was located at the tail side of the island. Designed by Filipino Architect Francisco Manosa which features fourteen murals depicting heroic battles fought by Filipinos from the 15th century up to the present day which is carved by sculptor Manuel Casal.
The battery was named after Lt. Henry N. Way. Consist of four 12-inch mortars which was capable of firing explosive shells as far as 13.35 km in any direction. Each mortar was operated by fourteen crews.
The battery was named after Lt. Hayden K. Grubbs, features two 10 inch disappearing guns that hide back in the massive concrete after firing to protect itself from the enemies. It has Spanish style arch design in the entrance road. The battery completed in 1911.
The battery was named after Brigadier General Clint C. Hearn, which can fire a 12-inch mortar up to 27 km distance in any direction with a maximum firing elevation of 35 degrees.
Malinta tunnel was a bomb-proof personal bunker and storage. Malinta means “many leeches” in Tagalog. The main tunnel from east to west was 253 meters, 7.3 meters wide, and 5.5 meters high. It was the last stronghold of the Americans army before they surrendered to the Japanese army on May 6, 1942. Today it is the audiovisual presentation by National Artist Lamberto V. Avellana.
Corregidor Lighthouse was located at the top side of the island with a height of 195 meters above the sea level. It was built during the Spanish colonization and completed in 1853. During the liberation from the Japanese invasion, it was severely damaged and reconstructed using some bricks from the ruins. Today the lower level of the lighthouse contains souvenir shops.
Mile Long Barracks
Mile Long Barracks was located at the top side of the island. According to them, it was called the “world’s longest military barracks” which has an entire length of 1520 feet and hurricane-proof shelter. General Douglas MacArthur headquarters was located inside these barracks.
Cine Corregidor was located beside the mile-long barracks which function as recreational buildings for the soldiers. American personnel including their families watch movies in this building before the world war broke out. “Gone with the wind” is the last movie shown here.
Pacific War Memorial Museum
Pacific War Memorial Museum was located close to Cine Corregidor which contains old photographs, military uniforms, mortars, guns, letters and many more.
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The LORD is my rock, and my fortress, and my deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my buckler, and the horn of my salvation, and my high tower.Psalms 18:2
Nathaniel Amoyen is co-founder of Joanathx. Full-time ex-pat worker at day and writer at night.